Knitting Abbreviations

12345678910111213
AbbreviationNameDescriptionSymbolsFound In
* Repeat starting point. (Budd, 2011) Repeat instructions between * as many times as instructed (Good Housekeeping Magazine, 1950), (Newton, 2011), (Roberts, 2004), (Taylor, 1968), (Walker, 1968), (Taylor, 1968)
[]
()
Square brackets
Round brackets
Repeat instructions between [ ] as many times as instructed

Repeat instructions between ( ) as many times as instructed.

Alternate measurements and/or instructions. (Budd, 2011)

Work instructions within brackets as many times as directed or for entire row. Work instructions within parentheses in the place directed. (The Green Mountain Spinnery Cooperative, 2009)
 (Griffiths, 2004), (Newton, 2011), (Roberts, 2004), (Walker, 1968)
00yarn over twice   
1 st CNB, k1, k1 (CN)one stitch cable needle back knit one knit one cable needleSlip one stitch to cable needle and hold in back, knit one stitch, then knit one stitch from the cable needle.(Pence, 1997)

 
1 st CNB, k2, p1 (CN)one stitch cable needle back knit one purl one cable needleSlip one stitch to cable needle and hold in back, knit two stitches, then purl one stitch from cable needle.(Pence, 1997)

 
1 st CNF, k1, k1 (CN)one stitch cable needle front knit one knit one cable needleSlip one stitch to cable needle and hold in front, knit one stitch, then knit one stitch from the cable needle.(Pence, 1997)

 
1 st CNF, k2, k1 (CN)one stitch cable needle front knit two knit one cable needleSlip two stitches to cable needle and hold in front, knit two, knit one from cable needle.(Pence, 1997)

 
1BC1 back crosssingle back cross

Slip 1 stitch to cable needle and hold in back, knit 1 then purl 1 from cable needle.

Similar to BC and RT.
  
1o1-LkCOne over one left knit crossSlip one stitch to cable needle and hold in front, knit one, then knit one from cable needle. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

(Laidman, 1963)

 
1o1-LpCOne over one left purl crossSlip one stitch to dpn and hold in front, purl one, then knit one from dpn. (Walker, Charted Knitting Designs, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

(Laidman, 1963)

 
1o1-RkCOne over one right knit crossSlip one stitch to dpn and hold in back, knit one, then knit one from dpn. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

(Laidman, 1963)

 
1o1-RpCOne over one right purl crossSlip one stitch to dpn and hold in back, knit one, then purl one from dpn. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

(Laidman, 1963)

 
2 Gathered stitches
2 stitches from 2
two gathered stitchesKnit two together, leave original stitches on left-hand needle, knit onto back loops of these two stitches again.

Results in no net change in the number of stitches.


 
2 sts CNB, k1, ssk (CN)two stitches cable needle back knit one slip slip knit cable needleSlip two stitches to cable needle and hold in back, knit one, then ssk the two stitches from the cable needle(Pence, 1997)

 
2 sts CNB, k2, k2 (CN)two stitches cable needle back knit two knit two cable needleSlip one stitch to cable needle and hold in back, knit two stitch, then knit two stitch from the cable needle.(Pence, 1997)

 
2 sts CNF, k1, k2 (CN)one stitch cable needle front knit one knit two cable needleSlip two stitch to cable needle and hold in back, knit two, knit two from cable needle.(Pence, 1997)

 
2 sts CNF, k1, k2 (CN)two stitches cable needle front knit one knit two cable needleSlip two stitches to cable needle and hold in front, knit one stitch, then knit two stitches from cable needle.(Pence, 1997)

 
2 sts CNF, k2, k2 (CN)two stitches cable needle front knit two knit two cable needleSlip one stitch to cable needle and hold in front, knit two stitch, then knit two stitch from the cable needle.(Pence, 1997)

 
2 sts CNF, k2tog, k1 (CN)two stitches cable needle front knit two together knit one cable needleSlip two stitches to cable needle and hold in front, knit two stitches together, then knit one stitch from the cable needle(Pence, 1997)

 
2 sts CNF, p1, k2 (CN)two stitches cable needle front purl one knit two cable needleSlip two stitches to cable needle and hold in front, purl one stitch, then knit two stitches from cable needle.(Pence, 1997)

 
2BCtwo back crossdouble back cross

Slip 1 stitch to cable needle and hold in back, knit 2 then purl 1 from the cable needle.
  
2FC double front cross

Slip 2 stitches to cable needle and hold in front, purl 1, then knit 2 from cable needle.
  
2o1-LkPTwo over one left knit crossSlip two stitch to dpn and hold in front, knit one, then knit two from dpn. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

(Laidman, 1963)

 
2o1-LpCTwo over one left purl crossSlip two stitch to dpn and hold in front, purl one, then knit two from dpn. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

(Laidman, 1963)

 
2o1-RkCTwo over one right knit crossSlip one stitch to dpn and hold in back, knit two, then knit one from dpn. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

(Laidman, 1963)

 
2o1-RpCTwo over one right purl crossSlip one stitch to dpn and hold in back, knit two, then purl one from dpn. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

(Laidman, 1963)

 
2o2-LkCTwo over two left knit crossSlip two stitches to cable needle and hold in front, knit two, then knit two from cable needle. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

(Laidman, 1963)

 
2o2-LpCTwo over two left purl crossSlip two stitches to cable needle and hold in front, purl two, then knit two from cable needle. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

(Laidman, 1963)

 
2o2-RkCTwo over two right knit crossSlip two stitches to dpn and hold in back, knit two, then knit two from dpn. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

(Laidman, 1963)

 
2o2-RpCtwo over two right purl crossSlip two stitches to dpn and hold in back, knit two, then purl two from dpn. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

(Laidman, 1963)

 
3 Gathered stitches
3 stitches from 3
three gathered stitchesKnit three together, leave original stitches on left-hand needle, yarn over, knit original three stitches together again. (Edasi, 2009)

Results in no net change in the number of stitches.
(Edasi, 2009)

 
3BCthree back crosstriple back cross

Slip 1 stitch to cable needle and hold in back, knit 3, then purl 1 from cable needle.
  
3decthree decreaseThree-stitch decrease. This actually decreases two stitches and is worked by slipping two stitches together as iff to knit, knit one, pass the two slipped stitches over. The middle stitch lays on top of the right and left stitches. ((Pence, 1997)

 
3FCthree front crosstriple front cross

Slip 3 stitches to cable needle and hold in front, purl 1, then knit 3 from cable needle.
  
5 Gathered stitches
5 stitches from 5
five gathered stitchesKnit five together, leave original stitches on left-hand needle, yarn over, knit original five stitches together again. (Edasi, 2009)(Edasi, 2009)

 
altalternateUsually used in the context of alternate rows.

Every other row.
 (Compton, 1980), (Mon Tricot, 1978), (Stanfield, 1992), (Starmore, 1997)
approxapproximately  (Griffiths, 2004), (Newton, 2011), (Starmore, 1997)
Bbackwork through back loop; usually causes a twisted stitch.

Usually causes a twisted stitch.
 (Walker, 1968)
B1Bobble 1(k1, yo, k1, yo, k1) in one stitch, turn and p5, turn and k5, turn and p2-tog, p1, p2-tog, turn and sl 1-k2 tog-psso, completing bobble. (Walker, 1972)

(k1, p1, k1, p1, k1) in same stitch, turn, p5, turn, k5, turn, p5, turn, pass second, third, fourth and fifth stitches, one at a time, over the first stitch, then knit in the back of the first stitch. (Stanfield, 1992)

Purl bobble: (p1, p1-b, p1, p1-b, p1) in same stitch, turn, k5, turn, p5, turn, k5, turn, pass second, third, fourth and fifth stitches, one at a time, over the first stitch, then knit in the back of the first stitch. (Stanfield, 1992)

Wide bobble: [k2, turn, p2, turn] twice, [knit next stitch together with corresponding stitch of first row of bobble] twice. (Stanfield, 1992)

(k1, p1) twice into the same stitch, turn and p4, turn, k4, turn p4 turn and sl 2, k2tog, p2sso.
(k1, p1) three times into the same stitch, pass each new stitch over the first stitch and off the needle.

(k1, p1) three times into the same stitch, turn and p6, turn and sl3, k3tog, p3sso.

Knit into front, back and front of next st, turn and k3, turn and p3, turn and k3, turn and sIip 1, k2tog, psso (bobble completed).

Make 5 stitches out of next stitch by working (p1, k1, p1, k1, p1) into the next stitch; turn, k5; turn, p5, slip the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th stitches over the first stitch.

(p1, k1, p1) in next stitch; turn, knit 3; turn, purl 3; then slip the 2nd and 3rd stitches over the 1st stitch
(Walker, 1972)

(Stanfield, 1992)

(Stanfield, 1992)

(Stanfield, 1992)

(Stanfield, 1992)

(Roberts, 2004)
BandBandA horizontal panel (Walker, 1968)
barkbrioche knitknit the stitch (that was slipped in the previous row) together with its yarnover  
BBBack BedFrom machine knitting  
BCBack CrossSlip 1 stitch to cable needle and hold in back, knit 2, then purl 1 from cable needle.

In cabling this means that the double point needle or cable needle is held behind the work while other stitches are worked in front
 (Walker, 1968)
BC-1o1-kBack Cross one over one knitSlip one stitch to dpn and hold in back, knit one, then knit one from dpn. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

(Laidman, 1963)

 
BC-1o1o1-kBack Cross one over one over one knitSlip two stitches to dpn and hold in back, knit one, then slip the center stitch from dpn to left-hand needle and knit it; knit one from dpn. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

 
BC-1o1o1-pBack Cross one over one over one purlSlip two stitches to dpn and hold in back, knit one, then slip the center stitch from dpn to left-hand needle and purl it; knit one from dpn. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

 
BC-1o1-pBack Cross one over one purlSlip one stitch to dpn and hold in back, knit one, then purl one from dpn. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

(Laidman, 1963)

 
BC-1o2-kBack Cross one over two knitSlip two stitch to dpn and hold in back, knit one, then knit two from dpn. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

 
BC-1o2-kBack Cross one over two knitSlip two stitch to dpn and hold in back, knit one, then knit two from dpn. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

 
BC-1o3-kBack Cross one over three knitSlip three stitch to dpn and hold in back, knit one, then knit three from dpn. (Walker, 1972)(Walker, 1972)

 
12345678910111213

Biblography